Taman Sri Nibong RA Log

July 7, 2017

George Town World Heritage Celebration

Filed under: from the editor — mollyosc @ 4:50 am

Today is George Town World Heritage Day

Visit this link above to find out about Penang’s Heritage

Read some info below

 

Introduction

The Historic City of George Town is located on the north-eastern cape of Penang Island.

From the heart of the colonial quarter with the city’s first administrative buildings, the original states laid out by the colonial administrators branch out into the city – a city spectacularly filled with godowns and the trading posts of the earliest merchant settlers, banks and shop houses, clan homes and communal clusters, and the iconic houses of worship representing the respective faiths of the many different settlers that came to call George Town home. The George Town UNESCO World Heritage Site is divided into two sections, the Core Area and Buffer Zone.

CORE AREA

The Core Area covers and area of 109.38 hectares, and contains more than 1,700 buildings. It is bounded by a coastline along the north and east, and by Love Lane to the north-west and Gat Lebuh Melayu, Lorong Carnarvon and Lebuh Carnarvon to the south-west corner.

BUFFER ZONE

The Core Area is protected by 150.04 hectare of Buffer Zone bounded by the sea, Jalan Transfer on the west and Jalan Dr. Lim Chwee Leong and gat Jalan Prangin on the south-west.

George Town, the Historic City 

gtwhi pic1
1798 map of early Penang by Captain H. B. Popham

George Town and Melaka are jointly inscribed as the Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca, and together, the two cities stand as testimony to the centuries of maritime trade that shaped this country and a had a significant influence on the region.

The Historic City of George Town was the first British port town along the Straits of Malacca. Founded in 1786 by Francis Light in the name of the East India Company, it is situated at the cape of the northeastern tip of the island, between the hills and the sea. Never intended to be a settlement colony, the development of George Town during the first century after its founding can be attributed to the courageous and entrepreneurial spirit of early migrant communities who found in George Town a place to make a living and begin a new life.

The site comprises a rich collection of historic buildings, vernacular, administrative and religious, constructed by the European trading settlers under the British East India Company, and later the British colonists, and migrants from various parts of the India-China trading route. These early settlers formed their own neighbourhoods or quarters, centred on certain streets or intersections. The European or colonial quarter was to the north, close to Fort Cornwallis, the administrative centre, and clustered around St. George’s Anglican Church on Farquhar Street. The early Chinese, Indian and Malay settlements grew out of the grid of early George Town, and the names of the streets of George Town today stand as testimony to the original communities and to the multicultural history and development of the city.

gtwhi pic2
Campbell Street circa 19th century, Courtesy of Malcolm Wade

“Melaka and George Town, Malaysia, are remarkable examples of historic colonial towns on the Straits of Malacca that demonstrate a succession of historical and cultural influences arising from their former function as trading ports linking East and West. These are the most complete surviving historic city centres on the Straits of Malacca with a multi-cultural living heritage originating from the trade routes from Great Britain and Europe through the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and the Malay Archipelago to China. Both towns bear testimony to a living multi-cultural heritage and tradition of Asia, where the many religions and cultures met and coexisted. They reflect the coming together of cultural elements from the Malay Archipelago, India and China with those of Europe, to create a unique architecture, culture and townscape.” – UNESCO

George Town meets three of UNESCO’s Outstanding Universal Values to make it recognised as a site of historical importance to the world. To learn more about this, click here to link to UNESCO page, or here for GTWHI-produced video on the OUVs.

Visit UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE  to find out about heritage sites

around the world and other websites related to world heritage.

 

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